Tembec
Forest Resource Management
Forest Resource Management

FAQs

Where are the Tembec forestry activities located?

Tembec conducts forest management in two Canadian provinces: Quebec and Ontario. In the areas where Tembec holds the forest license, Tembec is responsible for developing and implementing forest management plans (FMP) based on the provincial government’s regulatory requirements. Tembec’s FMP’s are developed by natural resource professionals (i.e. Foresters, Biologists, Ecologists) working within Tembec’s Forest Resource Management (FRM) divisions. For more information on each of Tembec’s FRM division’s, see "Forestry".

How may I access the forest management plans?

The forest management planning process which occurs within each province includes a formal consultation process for members of the public, stakeholders and Aboriginal groups/communities. The provincial governments (Crown) are ultimately responsible for ensuring consultation occurs and establishes the process and time periods during which consultation takes place. For more information regarding the consultation process followed within each province, you can refer to the website of the Ministry of Forest, Wildlife and Parcs of Quebec and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry of Ontario.

Forest management plans currently in effect are available on this website in the section "Documents". Plans can also be viewed at the offices of Tembec. For more information, please do not hesitate to contact Tembec’s Planning Superintendent for the division nearest you. The Planning Superintendents will endeavour to respond to your questions in a timely manner. You will find their contact details here.

How does Tembec take First Nations interests into account in forest management?

Tembec understands its operations in Canada take place on territories on which First Nation and Métis communities assert rights and have interests. Through joint engagement, Tembec works with each community to discuss and come to a shared understanding of the specific social, environmental and economic interests of the community and Tembec in the local context. Where desired and depending on the interests of the parties, the relationship is formalized through the signing of protocols, relationship agreements, or commercial contracts. 

In general terms, a structured relationship includes a process for the review of forest management plans by community Lands and Resources staff followed by dialogue with Tembec forestry planners to review that input and modify the plans based on the input provided. While measures to harmonize community input with forestry planning vary by region, common modifications include the development of enhanced buffers around riparian areas, protection of spiritual and cultural sites, reserves around trails, cabins and camps, re-configuring of harvesting and road construction (timing, location) to accommodate trapping activity and wildlife habitat protection.

What are the harvesting methods used by Tembec?

Tembec harvests trees using a variety of silviculture systems and harvest methods depending on the species being harvested and the methods being used to regenerate the sites. 

The most common silviculture system used in the boreal forest is the clearcut system. Most boreal forest species are best adapted to the clearcut system where most of the forest canopy is removed in one cutting cycle. This creates ideal growing conditions for boreal species by exposing most of the forest floor to sunlight which also warms forest soils. The most common harvest method used in the boreal forest is the conventional clearcut method. In this case clearcutting can occur either in strips, blocks or patches.

The shelterwood and selection silviculture systems are more commonly used in the Great Lakes St. Lawrence (GLSL) forest region for regenerating the more dominant tolerant hardwood species. Under both of these systems much of the forest overstorey canopy is retained following harvest creating an irregular stand structure and smaller gaps in the canopy which provides ideal growing conditions for tolerant hardwoods. Under the shelterwood system the uniform/strip or group harvest methods are used where the overstorey is retained as a uniform canopy of trees, strips of trees or groups or larger patches of trees. The selection of the spatial canopy pattern used for shelterwood cuts will depend on the site and operability constraints (i.e. hills, drainage patterns and road access). Under the selection silviculture system either the individual or group selection harvest method is used. The individual selection method involves the harvest of individual trees creating an irregular stand structure. This method is used to promote the regeneration of shade tolerant species and also to protect younger seedlings/saplings growing in the under storey. The group selection harvest method creates larger openings in the canopy (i.e. approximately twice the height of mature trees). This method creates growing conditions which may be suitable for both shade tolerant and intolerant species depending on the size of the openings created.

Depending on the silviculture systems, harvest methods, site conditions and the needs of the mill where the wood is to be processed, the trees may be harvested and delimbed at the roadside ("fulltree harvest system") or they may be delimbed and cut into log lengths at the stump ("cut-to-length (CTL)” or “shortwood” harvest system). Under the fulltree harvest system residual tree branches and tops are concentrated at the road. In some cases this material is utilized as biomass for heat and or energy plants or redistributed into piles or windrows to recover to productive growing space. Under the CTL or shortwood system the residual tops and branches are left in the cutover to naturally decompose. On some sites if left untreated, this material can create an impediment to regeneration so the material may be redistributed or realigned using mechanical site preparation methods. 

Why do I see logs left behind in the harvest area?

These standing trees are often referred to as snags or wildlife leave trees. The trees left on the ground are often referred to as dead and downed woody material. These individual trees or small clumps/patches of trees are generally left standing within harvest areas to mimic natural disturbance patterns and site conditions. Scientific research has shown that natural disturbance events such as forest fires, insect outbreaks or wind-throw events often leave both living and dead trees standing or on the ground. This material is of great ecological importance as the standing trees provide important habitat features (i.e. perch trees, cavity trees for nesting) for a variety of forest bird species. The dead and downed woody material also provides important habitat features for a variety of wildlife (i.e. drumming logs for grouse, butcher blocks for raptors, cavities for voles and moles) and insects, and growing substrate for a variety of plants, mosses and fungi species.

Is Tembec doing a good job of forest renewal? How many trees do Tembec plant by year?

Responsible forest management requires the prompt regeneration of harvest areas in order to maintain forest productivity. Depending on the tree species harvested and site conditions (i.e. dominate soil types/moisture regime) harvest areas may be left for natural regeneration, artificially regenerated (i.e. planting or seeding) or a combination of both natural and artificial regeneration. Whatever method is chosen, Tembec is required to achieve the regeneration standards established by the province. The table below provides a summary of Tembec’s recent forest renewal efforts. For more information, please read our Sustainability Report.

 

How is Tembec considering wildlife in the planning of its forest management and harvest operations?

Tembec’s forest management responsibilities include managing forest cover for a variety of wildlife habitat requirements both at the landscape and site level. 

A priority, in forest management planning is to maintain areas of suitable habitat (i.e. hectares) for a variety of focal species (i.e. marten), provincially featured species (i.e. moose) and species at risk (i.e. woodland caribou) across the forest landscape. The species selected for management objectives, strategies and targets normally represent a range of habitat requirements (i.e. young forest versus old forest, conifer versus deciduous). The implementation of the forest management plan thereby results in the creation and maintenance of suitable habitat for a wider range of wildlife species. More stringent habitat requirements are imposed for SAR’s species such as the woodland caribou which may be more vulnerable at the landscape level to forest management activities (i.e. forest access roads). Site level protection/restrictions (i.e. wildlife tree retention, no harvest reserve buffers, season timing restrictions during critical breeding/nesting periods) are also placed on forest operations to protect specific wildlife habitat features (i.e. caribou calving areas, bald eagle nests).

Tembec also provides training to its staff and forest workers to increase their knowledge and awareness so they can identify and protect important wildlife values encountered during operations. 
 

Why choose FSC® certification?

Tembec was the first forest products company in Canada to make a company-wide commitment to seek Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC®) certification.

Today, Tembec has certified nearly 9 million hectares of forest lands according to FSC standards, making it one of the most important suppliers of lumber and pulp FSC-certified products on the market. Tembec also obtained FSC chain of custody certification for many of its products including timber, pulp and paper, cellulose and specialty chemicals products. Tembec believes its longstanding commitment to responsible forest management makes the difference in a natural renewable resource sector like the forest industry but also in the whole chain of products that follows.

In accordance with the principles and criteria required by FSC®, responsible forest management must ensure the preservation of the forest environment’s biodiversity, while allowing multiple use of resources that reflects the concerns of the population and various forest users while maximizing the economic benefits for communities.

These core values fit naturally into our business philosophy.
 

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