While addressing regulatory and legislative requirements is essential to the practice of sustainable forest management, the expectations of public stakeholders, Aboriginal People, environmental organizations and customers go beyond legal compliance. Certification demonstrates corporate social, environmental and economic responsibility.
Tembec is a leader in forest management certification
Forest certification is a voluntary mechanism where a third-party organization audits company performance in the forest and along the fiber sourcing supply chain against detailed standards developed by an independent organization. In 2001, Tembec became the first large public forest products company in Canada to make the commitment to utilize standards developed by the internationally recognized Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC®) and seek certification on all company forest management units. By 2008, Tembec had certified 100% of the public forestlands under its management. Tembec is now a leader in the responsible forest resource management.
Tembec FSC Certification in Canada by Region (as of Oct 2016):
|Forest Area||Hectares Certified||Province|
Gordon Cosens Forest
Tembec - Northern Ontario East (Romeo Malette Forest)
Abitibi-Ouest (FMU 082-51, 085-51 & 085-62)
Témiscamingue (FMU 081-51 & 081-52)
FSC Certification with Tembec Partners:
|Forest Area/Partners||Hectares Certified||Province|
Abitibi River Forest Resource Management Inc
Clergue Forest Management Inc
Bas-St-Laureant Public territory Certification management Corporation
Hearst Forest Management Inc.
Nipissing Forest Resource Management Inc.
Westwind Forest Stewardship Inc.
For all those territories, Tembec also achieved Chain of Custody certification (FSC® C017431). The latter provides a guarantee to consumers that any product with the FSC label can be tracked back to a responsible source.
Wood supply policy
The majority of Tembec’s fibre supply originates from company operations on public lands with purchases from other companies and private land comprising the balance. Tembec harvests timber on public lands under forest tenures held by the company in Ontario and Québec. As wood fibre is the major input to Tembec’s manufacturing processes, extensive efforts are made to develop state of the art forest inventories and develop long term wood supply projections by tree species and product type. Aerial inventory techniques, geographic information systems and spatial timber supply models are used to analyze transportation and harvesting cost scenarios that ensure forest sustainability and economic viability objectives are met.
In 2015, approximately 3.1 million cubic metres of fibre used in Tembec operations was purchased from external sources. External suppliers are reviewed to ensure that their fibre sources comply with internationally recognized risk assessment methodologies. These sources are reviewed to ensure the avoidance of:
- Illegally harvested wood
- Wood harvested in violation of traditional and civil rights
- Wood from forests in which genetically modified trees are planted
- Wood harvested from forests where high conservation values are threatened by management activities
- Wood harvested in forests being converted to plantations or non-forest use per FSC definitions and thresholds.
- The risk assessments are reviewed annually and public summaries are available for review at fsc-info.org
Reporting on Stakeholder Engagement (Audits)
Annually, audits are undertaken by third-party firms to evaluate the performance of Tembec with regard to stakeholder engagement (as a key component of sustainable forest management). The voluntary standards of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) in Canada are used to evaluate Tembec’s performance in engaging external parties. Public summaries of all Tembec FSC public forest audits can be viewed at fsc-info.org.
Forest conservation, in tandem with the implementation of sustainable forestry practices, is a key theme for the Tembec Forest Resource Management Group. From time to time, government agencies assess land use across large swaths of Canadian public land to reset the mix of zones of resource development, parks and protected areas. Where such projects intersect with Tembec forest licenses, Tembec has a substantial track record of positive engagement with environmental organizations to propose joint solutions that maintain the opportunity for a prosperous and growing forest products sector while adding to Canada’s network of protected areas.
From woodland caribou in the northern boreal forest to wood turtles in the Great Lakes St. Lawrence region, the forests of Canada provide essential habitat for a diversity of wildlife species. Laws, regulations and guidelines at the national and provincial levels provide specific direction to forest managers for the identification and protection of habitat. Each forest management plan documents the provisions that are made to protect wildlife at the landscape (coarse filter) level and on the ground (fine filter). Landscape level wildlife habitat consideration requires the use of sophisticated spatial models to identify habitat trends over time given planned forest management scenarios. Fine-filter or on-the-ground measures for protection include buffers around the stick nests of hawks, eagles and herons, and retention of individual trees and patches of trees where wildlife use is evident or predicted.
High conservation values forests
To further maintain or enhance the protection of conservation values and social values, Tembec has undertaken High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments on its certified areas. In collaboration with consulting firms, environmental organizations, First Nations and the Metis, the methodology of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is applied to each forest area. Taking a ‘global to local’ approach, features of ecological significance and community interest are identified and mapped. Strategies for the enhancement, maintenance and monitoring of the HCV's areas are developed. Across Tembec’s forest licenses nearly 3 million hectares of High Conservation Value are recognized and maintained.